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Vocab Lesson 1 Review

"Believing"

Use these lists to create study cards or just basic review. The multi-choice portion is a good review to self-quiz for the real test which is multi-choice.

Words: ACCREDIT THROUGH PANTHEON

Study hard - the test kicks!

  • Believing
  • Lesson 1
  • CREDO, CREDERE, CREDIDI, CREDITUM
  • Latin
  • “to believe”

 

  • Latin saying
  • Crede quod habets, et bas.
  • Believe that you have it and you will.
  • KEY WORDS
  • 1. Accredit
  • verb
  •  Def: To authorize; to certify; to believe.
  •  Sentence:
  • When the Red Cross accredits a lifeguard, it certifies that the person has successfully completed a course in water safety.

 

 

  • Other forms

  • 2. Credence

  • noun.
  • Def: Belief; acceptance as true.
  •  Sentence:
  • In the folk tale “The Boy Who Cried Wolf,” the boy has raised so many false alarms that no one gives credence to his cries when a wolf really does appear.

 

 


  • 3. Creditable

  • Adj.
  • Def: Deserving praise.
  •  Sentence:
  • Matt Muckey’s creditable performance earned him a glowing review from the notoriously harsh critic.

 


  • 4. Credulous

  • Adj.
  • Def: Believing too easily; gullible.
  •  Sentence:
  • Tom Sawyer hoodwinks his credulous Aunt Polly by offering fantastic excuses for his mischievous adventures.

 

  • Other forms

  • 5. Creed

  • n.
  • Def: A statement of belief or principle.
  •  Sentence:
  • In praise of the Mayflower pilgrims, Helen Hunt Jackson wrote, “Find me the men on earth who care / Enough for faith or creed today / To seek a barren wilderness / For simple liberty to pray.
  • Familiar Words:
  • DEUS

  • Latin
  • “god”

  • 6. Deify

  • v. To make god of.
  •  Sentence
  • In order to deify themselves and thus gain political power, Egyptian pharaohs claimed descent from Horus, the sun god.
  •  Other form:
  • Deification, n.

 


  • 7. Deity

  • n. A god or goddess.

 

  • Astarte, the Phoenician deity of love and beauty, bears many similarities to the Greek goddess Aphrodite and the Roman goddess Venus.
  • Other form: deism – noun (belief in god)
  • DIVINO, DIVINARE, DIVINAVI, DIVINATUM


  • Latin: “to foretell”
  • Familiar word
  • DIVINUS
  • Latin: “divine”
  • 8. Divine, Definition #1
  • n.  
  • Def: A god or goddess; a divine being.
  •  Sentence: The Hindu divinity Durga is a warrior goddess who, like the Greek goddess Athena, was born fully grown and armed.

 

  • 8. Divine, Definition #2
  • verb.
  •  Definition: To know by intuition or insight.
  •   Sentence:
  • Without a word my friend divined my distress.

 

  • Other forms
  • 9. Divinity, Definition #2
  • Noun
  • Definition: The state of being divine.
  •  Sentence:
  • The divinity of the Inca kings of ancient South America, who were worshiped as descendants of the sun god, represented the sacredness of the state.

 

  • 9. Divinity, Definition #3
  • Noun
  • The study of Christian theology.
  •  Sentence:
  • Jonathan Edwards studied Divinity at Harvard University.
  • Challenge Words:

  • THEOS
  • Greek
  • “god”
  • Familiar Words

  • Apotheosis, Definition #1

  • n.
  • Making a god of something; deification. Sentence:
  • Hawaiian mythology describes how Pele, the goddess of volcanic fire, and her family searched for a pit deep enough to house them all and found it at Mt. Kilauea, where they received their apotheosis and now express themselves in fiery forms.

 

  • Apotheosis, Definition #2
  • Noun
  • A glorified ideal; an essence.
  •  For many Britons Queen Victoria was the apotheosis of the British Empire, embodying its traditions, values, and power.
  •  
  • Apotheosize, v.

 


  • 11. Theocracy

  • n.
  • Government by divine power or priests.
  • Sentence: Historically, Tibet is a theocracy led by the fourteenth Dalai Lama, a monk believed in every successive generation to be the reincarnation of the previous Dalai Lama.
  •  
  • Theocratic, adj.

 

 

 


  • 12. Theology

  • n. A person who believes there is no god.

 

  • Students of Buddhist theology must learn Pali, the language into which many teachings of the Buddha were translated.

 

  • Theologian, n.; theological, adj.

 

  • 13. Atheist
  • n. A person who believes there is no god.

 

  • Percy Bysshe Shelley was expelled from Oxford University in 1811 for declaring himself an atheist.

 

  • Atheism, n.; atheistic, adj.

 

  • 14. Pantheism
  • n. Identifying god with nature; belief in all gods.
  •  
  • Walt Whitman’s pantheism is evident in the conclusion of “Song of Myself”:  “I bequeath myself to the dirt to grow from the grass I love…”

 

  • Pantheist, n.; pantheistic, adj.

 

  • 15. Pantheon, Definition #1
  • Pan = Greek – “all”
  • n. All the gods of a people or religion.  (When capitalized, Pantheon refers to the circular domed temple in Rome built in 27 B.C. and dedicated to all the gods.)
  •  The ancient Greek pantheon was composed of gods and goddesses who were brothers and sisters—like Hera, Zeus, and Hestia—or the offspring of these siblings—like Cupid, Athena, and Persephone.

 

 

  • 15. Pantheon, Definition #2
  • Noun, capitalized
  • Refers to the circular domed temple in Rome built in 27 B.C. and dedicated to all the gods.
  • Exercise 1A - Synonyms
  • 1. a respected theologian

 

  • A. pantheist
  • B. theocrat
  • C. accreditor
  • D. student of divinity
  • E. believer in a deity
  • And the answer is…
  • D. student of divinity
  • 2. Respected their creed
  • A. Deity
  • B. Fundamental beliefs
  • C. Praise
  • D. Customs
  • E. prophecy
  • And the answer is…
  • B. Fundamental beliefs
  • 3. a(n) credulous audience
  • A. skeptical (not believing)
  • B.faithful
  • C. unbelievable
  • D. gullible
  • E. restless
  • And the answer is…
  • B. Faithful
  • 4. Witness a(n) apotheosis
  • A. sacrifice
  • B. pantheon
  • C. creed
  • D. deification
  • E. accreditation
  • And the answer is…
  • D. deification
  • 5. An Aztec divinity
  • A. monument
  • B. Custom
  • C. Creed
  • D. Deity
  • E. Religious practice
  • And the answer is…
  • D. Deity
  • 6. A former theocracy
  • A. religious school
  • B. government by priests
  • C. basic principle
  • D. divine being
  • E. belief in all gods
  • And the answer is…
  • B. government by priests
  • 7. Study the Aztec pantheon
  • A. temple
  • B. total of all gods
  • C. belief in all gods
  • D.credence
  • E. creed
  • And the answer is…
  • B. total of all gods
  • Antonyms:

        In the next set, choose the opposite of the word in bold-faced type

  • A(n) creditable record
  • A. unbelievable
  • B. falsified
  • C. disgraceful
  • D. reliable
  • E. consistent
  • And the answer is…
  • D. disgraceful
  • 9. A means of divination
  • A. staying underwater for long periods
  • B. foretelling the future
  • C. becoming a god
  • D. becoming divine
  • E. reviewing the past.
  • And the answer is…
  • E. reviewing the past
  • 10. A result of atheism
  • A. belief in god
  • B. aggression
  • C. autonomy
  • D. Nihilism (denies moral truths)
  • E. disloyalty
  • And the answer is…

  • A. belief in god
  • An accredited college
  • A. uncertified
  • B. impoverished
  • C. infamous
  • D. unprestigious
  • E. ostentatious
  • The answer is…
  • A. uncertified
  • B. impoverished
  • C. infamous
  • D. unprestigious
  • E. ostentatious

 

  • 12. To give credence to someone
  • A. refuse
  • B. Believe
  • C. disrespect
  • D. doubt
  • E. condole with
  • The answer is…
  • A. refuse
  • B. Believe
  • C. disrespect
  • D. doubt
  • E. condole with

 

  • 13. To become  a deity
  • A. theologian
  • B. diviner
  • C. criminal
  • D. Pantheist
  • E. mortal
  • Answer is…
  • A. theologian
  • B. diviner
  • C. criminal
  • D. Pantheist
  • E. mortal

 

  • Ex. 1B
  • Directions: choose the letter of the sentence where the word in bold-faced type is used incorrectly.
  • 1. Choose incorrect word use
  • A. The Romans practiced divination by studying flights of birds.
  • B. The Toltec divination Quetzalcoatl is represented as a plumed serpent.
  • C. I divine from her manner that she has something to hide.
  • D. In the Bible, Joseph divines the meaning of the Pharaoh's dream, predicting seven plentiful years followed by seven years of famine.
  • Answer is…
  • B. The Toltec divination Quetzalcoatl is represented as a plumed serpent.

 

  • Why? Divination means to foretell the future
  • 2. Choose incorrect word in sentence
  • A.The bride deified tradition and had her mother walk her down the aisle instead of her father.
  • B. In disguise, Rosalind teases the lovesick Orlando about deifying her name by carving it on trees and hanging poems about her in the forest.
  • C.Because she passed the difficult tests set by the gods, Psyche was deified and brought to live on Mt. Olympus with her lover, Cupid.
  • D. Some parents seem to deify their children, regarding them as models of perfection.
  • The answer is…
  • A.The bride deified tradition and had her mother walk her down the aisle instead of her father.

 

  • Why? We don’t deify (make a God of) tradition – instead we defy tradition if we go against it!
  • 3. Incorrect word/sentence
  • A. Native peoples of the American Northeast shared a pantheistic belief in manitous, good and bad spirits that inhabited all nature.
  • B . The Roman Empire practiced pantheism in its acceptance of all the gods of the nations it conquered.
  • C. A complete pantheist, she excels in sports, academics, and music.
  • D. According to Greek pantheism, gods lived in fountains, rivers, and pools.
  • Answer is…
  • C. A complete pantheist, she excels in sports, academics, and music

 

  • Why wrong? A pantheist identifies god with nature, or believes in all gods.
  • 4. Incorrect word/sentence
  • A.Although highly esteemed in our town, this private hospital has never been accredited by the state.
  • B. The crew’s incompetent performance on the trip suggests we shouldn’t accredit its report of bad sailing conditions as the cause of the accident.
  • C. The school lost its accreditation because of poor instruction and exploitative management
  • D. I accredit my success to both luck and determinaqtion.
  • The answer is…
  • D. I accredit my success to both luck and determination.

 

  • The main meaning of accredit is “to cerfify.”
  • In this instance, we should use credit.
  • 5. Incorrect word/sentence
  • A. Christian divinity students usually study Hebrew and Greek in order to read both the Old and New Testaments in their original languages.
  • B. Dagon, the chief divinity of the Philistines, was represented as half human and half fish.
  • C. Muslims do not regard Muhammad as a divinity but as a mortal man chosen as a prophet by Allah.
  • D. Through skillful divinity ancient Mayan astronomers were able to predict eclipses of the moon.
  • Answer is…
  • D. Through skillful divinity ancient Mayan astronomers were able to predict eclipses of the moon.

 

  • Why: divinity means god/gods – divination (telling the future) would be the best word here.
  • Ex. 1C Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word from our list
  • 1. P.T. Barnum supposedly said, “There’s a sucker born every minute,” to support his view that audiences tend to be _________.
  • Answer is…
  • 1. Credulous – gullible.
  • 2. Fill ins
  • The ___________, the best preserved temple in Rome, has served as a model for classical architecture.
  • Answer is…
  • 2. Pantheon
  • 3.  Fill ins
  • The ______________ of most environmental groups might be summed up as “Act now to preserve the future of the planet.”
  • Answer is…
  • 3. creed
  • 4. Fill ins
  • The Romans __________ and worshiped many of their emperors, often during their lifetimes.
  • Answer is…
  • 4. deified (from deify)
  • 5. Fill ins
  • In Hindu__________ a person’s fate, or karma, is regarded as a reward or punishment for behavior in a previous existence.
  • Answer is…
  • In Hindu__theology________ a person’s fate, or karma, is regarded as a reward or punishment for behavior in a previous existence.

 

  • Why? Theology = religious beliefs
  • 6. Fill ins
  • For a(n) _____________to function effectively, all citizens of that state must share the same religion.
  • Answer is…
  • For a(n) _theocracy____________to function effectively, all citizens of that state must share the same religion.

 

  • Why: theocracy refers to religious government
  • 7. Fill ins
  • The cave paintings at Lascaux in southwest France suggest that Stone Age artists had a(n) ______________ regard for the animal life around them.
  • Answer…
  • The cave paintings at Lascaux in southwest France suggest that Stone Age artists had a(n) _pantheistic_____________ regard for the animal life around them.

 

  • Why? Pantheistic refers to identifying god with nature
  • 8. Fill ins
  • Listen to all the candidates, but don’t give _________ to everything they promise.
  • Answer…
  • Listen to all the candidates, but don’t give credence_________ to everything they promise.

 

  • Why: credence = belief in
  • 9. Fill ins
  • Although a professed _____________, she was married in a church to appease (please) her religious parents.
  • Answer…
  • Although a professed __atheist___________, she was married in a church to appease (please) her religious parents.

 

  • Why? Atheist refers to someone who does not believe in God, so she would not want to marry in a church.
  • 10. Fill ins
  • Many aspiring artists of the nineteenth century regarded Paris as the __________ of cultural life.
  • Answer…
  • Many aspiring artists of the nineteenth century regarded Paris as the _apotheosis_________ of cultural life.

 

  • Why apotheosis? Its second meaning is “a glorified ideal—an essence.”
  • 11. Fill ins
  • Although their profession was hardly ____________, Mary Read and Anne Bonny were renown as pirates.
  • Answer…
  • Although their profession was hardly __creditable__________, Mary Read and Anne Bonny were renown as pirates.

 

  • Why? Creditable means deserving praise – people were not praised for being pirates – they were condemned!