LesVocabulary from Classical Roots
Vocabulary: Focus on Classical Roots
– inter – between + loper – Dutch – runner
– One who intrudes by meddling or trespassing on the rights of others
Proudie, the bishop’s wife, is such an officious interloper in church matters that people sarcastically refer to her
as “the Bishop of Barchester.”
– inter – between + necare – to slay
Adj. – Definition #1:
Very destructive to both sides in a conflict; involving slaughter and carnage
#1: the internecine cost of the victory of King Pyrrhus of Epirus over the Romans in 279 B.C. is remembered today in the phrase
#2: Pertaining to struggle or conflict within a group, organization, or nation.
#2: The internecine struggle of the American Civil War left the country devastated.
– between + polire – to polish
#1: To insert or add something between other parts, especially in a text
or written work.
#1: For the music lesson scene in The Barber of Seville, the composer, Gioacchino Rossini, let every singer in the role
of Rosina interpolate an aria of her choice.
#2: To introduce material that severely alters, or falsifies, a text
2: Eighteenth century acting companies freely interpolated new speeches, scenes, or denouements (endings) into plays
they were performing, even works by Shakespeare.
– other forms
– between + regnum – reign
Definition #1: Any period of time when a state is without a ruler or has a provisional government, especially between the
reign of a sovereign and a successor.
#1: During the interregnum of 1649 to 1660, Oliver Cromwell and his Roundheads controlled the English government.
#2: An interval between controlling elements; an interruption in an otherwise continuous function of a process.
#2: “The old is dying and the new and cannot be born; in this interregnum there arises a great diversity of morbid symptoms.”
Les. 1 & 2B: Putting in place
PONO, PONERE, POSUI, POSITUM
Latin = to put; to place
Origin: inter (between) + pose (to put)
Verb: transitive and intransitive
Other form: Noun: interposition
Latin: juxta = close together
Other form: juxtaposition
Meaning and Sentence
Familiar Words – Look up any words you don’t
Prope & Propinquus
Latin – pro – forth
Pinquus - Meaning: Nearness; proximity
Propinquity is the province of cats. Living by accident,…cats take their chances, love by need or nearness
as long as the need lasts, as long as the nearness is near enough.
Lesson 1&2C: Near
Meaning #2 – Kinship.
Sentence 2: Although the tempestuous relationship of
and Heathcliff is unfulfilled,
it leads to the uneasy
marriage of her daughter
and his son.
Latin – to – toward
Definition: Reconciliation; restoration of cordial relations,
especially between two countries.
Sentence: After many centuries of conflict, the rapprochement
of Israel and the Vatican occurred when formal relations were established in 1993.
Lesson 1&2 C
Quiet and Rest
9. Adj. Definition:
At rest; dormant, motionless
Sentence: Family members’ emotions in China in
the 1960’s may have appeared quiescent, but Ting Ling describes conflicts churning beneath calm
= to; toward
Intransitive verb – Definition: To agree or consent
without any objection
“If the changes that we fear [in
language] be thus irresistible, what remains to acquiesce with silence…?”
--Samuel Johnson, Preface to a Dictionary of the
Latin re: back; again
Noun – Definition: A mass or service for the repose
of departed souls; music, poetry, or other composition for the dead.
Sentence: Hamlet learns of Ophelia’s suicide when
he hears the priest say, “We should profane the service of the dead,/to sing a requiem, and such rest to her…”
Un – Germanic – no
Adj; Definition: Not reciprocal; not given in payment
or returned in kind.
Sentence: In Arthurian legend, Elaine dies of a broken
heart because of her unrequited love for Lancelot, who is devoted to Queen Guinevere.
A. Unrequitable – adj.
B. Requited - antonym
Although frequently used, the word unrequited does not
appear in most dictionaries; the meaning of the negative un form is implied. The word usually appears in the context of a
one-sided love relationship.
However…Unrequited can also mean “not avenged;
without retaliation for a wrong or injury”; for example Christian teaching advises letting a wrong go unrequited by
“turning the other cheek.”
Requite rarely turns up in contemporary speech, but one might way that polite guests requite their host’s hospitality with a
Lesson 1 & 2 D
Latin: To PUSH
Trudo, trudere, trusi, trusum
Latin – “to push”
Ab – “away from”
Adj: Difficult to understand; complex
Sentence: Without some background in physics, an audience would find
a lecture on thermodynamics and entropy abstruse.
Ex – “from,” “out of”
Transitive verb: Definition – To push or thrust out a liquid
or malleable substance that retains or solidifies into a predetermined shape.
Sentence: The chambered nautilus extrudes a nacreous substance that
hardens into a shell of progressively larger chambers to accommodate the animal’s growth.
Latin: ob = off, against
Definition #2: To thrust or push out; to protrude noticeably, often in an undesirable way.
Sentence #2: During years when the water level of Mono Lake in California
dropped, tufas, irregular knobbed and spired formations of calcium carbonate, began to obtrude above the surface.
Definition # 1: to force
oneself insistently upon
Sentence: Pretending to be humble, Uriah Heep obtrudes in the business affairs of the Wickfields until
David Copperfield’s friends come to the rescue.
Challenge Word: Detrude